Old Latvian Maps

As fan of geography and cartography I present you some scans of old maps from inter war era Latvia and Soviet era. These maps are interesting in many aspects. How the political borders changed throughout the century, how the place names and their spelling changed and various other things that changed over times. These maps are from my collection.

Maps from the School Geographical Atlas  sixth edition by E. Y. Petrin. St. Petetersburg A.F. Marks publishing 1914.  

World map

ST_Petersburg

Map of St Petersburg and geographical shapes

global fauna

Global fauna map

global humidity

Global humidity map and the sea stream routes

global nations

Nations and ethnicities of the world. There are four nation types: European type, Mongolian Type, Negro type and Midgets

geograph

Examples of the geographical shapes and types. Penisulas, islands, mountain ranges and river deltas

religions 19140001

World Religions

global temp

Global temperatures. Average temperature on January and July

western russia0002

Part of the Western Russia map showing Baltic provinces. Presumably the original owner has drawed the German attack route trough Kauna (Kovno) towards Riga on 1915.

western russia0001

Northern part of European (Western) Russia

western russia

Eastern part of the European Russia – Ural mountain regions

central Russia

Central Russia- Moscow and surrounding areas

southern Russia

Southern Russia- Ukraine, Crimea and Western Caucasus

Caucasus

Caucasus

Siberia0001

Siberia

Russia_nations

Ethnic groups in Russian empire. Slavs are shown as green. Ukrainians are labeled “Malorossi” – Lesser Russians. Latvians and Estonians share land with Germans. Map features the Jewish Pale of Settlement.

caucasian_nations

Ethnic groups in Caucasus

russia bread distirbution

Bread distribution and agricultural cultures in Western Russia

historical map of Russia

Historical map of Russian empire. Showing the expansion of Russian empire showing dates of conquering. Also showing temporary acquisitions during Russian-Japanese war on 1905

europe

Physical map of Europe

europe 1914

Political map of Europe. 1914 borders.

europe nations

Ethnic groups in Europe

Central Asia

Central Asian provinces

germany

Physical map of Germany and Benelux states

germany2

German Empire and Benelux States. Political divisions of the German empire.

austria

Austria-Hungary. Also showing percentage of Slavs in Moravia

italy

Italy

france

France

england

England (Great Britain and Ireland

scandinavia

Scandinavia

spain

Spain and Portugal

balkans

Balkan countries

colonies 1914

Map of colonies according to 1914 political situation, trade and forms of government

Asia

Asia. Physical map

Arfrika

Africa

Map of Holy Land. Map of Ancient Israeli tribes. Map of Ancient and 1914 era Jerusalem

Map of Holy Land. Map of Ancient Israeli tribes. Map of Ancient and 1914 era Jerusalem

Map of Europe by Freytag & Bernt 1920

Fragment of the map showing new Baltic republics and Belarusian People's Republic. Note the purported Belarusian state includes Latgale, eastern part of Latvia as her territory. Latgale is also shown as territory in dispute for Poland.

Fragment of the map showing new Baltic republics and Belarusian People’s Republic. Note the purported Belarusian state includes Latgale, eastern part of Latvia as her territory. Latgale is also shown as territory in dispute for Poland.

Maps from the P. Matnieks Extended Geography Atlas. 193oies

The geographical map of Latvia

The geographical map of Latvia. Also showing the highest points in the country.

  

The administrative map of Latvia showing main regions and districts

The administrative map of Latvia showing main regions and districts

Various Latvian city plans

Various Latvian city plans

The population density in Latvia

The population density in Latvia

The density of the ethnic Latvians

The density of the ethnic Latvians

The percent of literacy

The percent of literacy

Main confessions in Latvia

Main confessions in Latvia

The density of the forests in Latvia

The density of the forests in Latvia

Map of the ethnic groups and races. 1. The White Race (pink) - Europeans, Indians, Iranians, Semites, Hamites. The Yellow Race (Yellow) - Mongolians, Chinese and their related people, Turkmenians, Finnish people,mixed Northern Group,Southern Northern Group, American Indians, Malaysians, Polynesians. The Black Race (brown) Negroes: Sudanese and Bantu, Papua, negritos, Australian Negroes, Dravidians, Hottentots and Bushmen. Green is for "Midget people"

Map of the ethnic groups and races. 1. The White Race (pink) – Europeans, Indians, Iranians, Semites, Hamites. The Yellow Race (Yellow) – Mongolians, Chinese and their related people, Turkmenians, Finnish people,mixed Northern Group,Southern Northern Group, American Indians, Malaysians, Polynesians. The Black Race (brown) Negroes: Sudanese and Bantu, Papua, negritos, Australian Negroes, Dravidians, Hottentots and Bushmen. Green is for “Midget people”

Worlds religions, Christians (purple), Muhammadan (green), Buddhist (red), Brahman (light green) and Pagans (yellow)

Worlds religions, Christians (purple), Muhammadan (green), Buddhist (red), Brahman (light green) and Pagans (yellow)

Animal kingdom map showing inhabited areas of steers, camels, elephants, tigers, monkeys and marsupial

Animal kingdom map showing inhabited areas of steers, camels, elephants, tigers, monkeys and marsupial

Colonial map showing possessions of England, France, Italy, Russia, Denmark, Holland, Belgium,Spain, Northern American United States, Portugal and Japan. Country names translated according to the originals

Colonial map showing possessions of England, France, Italy, Russia, Denmark, Holland, Belgium,Spain, Northern American United States, Portugal and Japan. Country names translated according to the originals

Political map of Europe

Political map of Europe

European ethnic nations Nations are grouped in Slavs (green), Finnish peoples (yellow), Baltic peoples, Celts, Basques, Greeks, Albanians, Germanic people and the Romanic people

European ethnic nations
Nations are grouped in Slavs (green), Finnish peoples (yellow), Baltic peoples, Celts, Basques, Greeks, Albanians, Germanic people and the Romanic people

Germany, Czechoslovakia and Poland. Pre 1939 borders

Germany, Czechoslovakia and Poland. Pre 1939 borders

Great Britain and Ireland

Great Britain and Ireland

France

France

Portugal and Spain. Note the Catalonia is shown apart from Spain with ts own border

Portugal and Spain. Note the Catalonia is shown apart from Spain with ts own border

Italy and the Balkans. Romanian pre 1939 borders

Italy and the Balkans. Romanian pre 1939 borders

Lithuania with her pre 1939 borders

Lithuania with her pre 1939 borders

Estonia with pre 1944 borders

Estonia with pre 1944 borders

The colonial Africa and the Southern Africa in detail

The colonial Africa and the Southern Africa in detail

India and China. Note the independent Tibet and its borders

India and China. Note the independent Tibet and its borders

The North American United States as they are called in this map of USA

The North American United States as they are called in this map of USA

South America. Note the pre Chaco War Bolivian - Paraguayan borders

South America. Note the pre Chaco War Bolivian – Paraguayan borders

 

Australia and Oceania

Australia and Oceania

The Cosmographic chart showing zodiac map, size of the planets. Also shows the Mars "channels" a popular misconception of those times

The Cosmographic chart showing zodiac map, size of the planets. Also shows the Mars “channels” a popular misconception of those times

 

Latvian Road Map 1940. The Latvian Transportation Department 

Riga 1940

Riga 1940

Liepāja 1940

Liepāja 1940

The western outskirts of Riga

The western outskirts of Riga

The North East Outskirts of Riga

The North East Outskirts of Riga

The Southern outskirts of Riga

The Southern outskirts of Riga

The city of Jutmala or Rigas Jurmala as it was called then. Ķemeri and Sloka were separate cities then

The city of Jutmala or Rigas Jurmala as it was called then. Ķemeri and Sloka were separate cities then

Jaunjelgva region and Koknese. Note the natural river Daugava route before building the hydro electric dams

Jaunjelgva region and Koknese. Note the natural river Daugava route before building the hydro electric dams

Jekapbils and Pļaviņas

Jekapbils and Pļaviņas

Daugavpils and Ilūkste

Daugavpils and Ilūkste

The city of Abrene annexed by Russia on 1944

The city of Abrene annexed by Russia on 1944

Geographical atlas for High school 5-6th grade. The Main Department of Geodesics and Cartography of the Soviet Ministry of Interior Affairs. 1958. Moscow

Western Europe 1956 borders

Western Europe 1956 borders

Germany 1956. Note the borders between GFR and GDR are vaguely visible

Germany 1956. Note the borders between GFR and GDR are vaguely visible

United States of America 1956

United States of America 1956

1956 map of the European ethic groups. Note number 7 - Latgalians

1956 map of the European ethic groups. Note number 7 – Latgalians

Map of the Middle East 1956

Map of the Middle East 1956

Worlds Population density 1956

Worlds Population density 1956

Animal kingdom on 1956

Animal kingdom on 1956

  Atlas from unknown publisher 1960ies era Latvia

Sixties Europe

Sixties Europe

Sixties Africa

Sixties Africa

Sixties Asia

Sixties Asia

Sixties South America

Sixties South America

North America

North America

Australia

Australia

1960 Latvian SSR Geodesic and Cartography main department 

The Economical map of the LSSR

The Economical map of the LSSR

The Geographical Atlas of the Geography and Oceans. Committee of the USSR Geodesics and Cartography 1992

Soviet map published in 1992 showing USSR still intact, while Germany has united

Soviet map published in 1992 showing USSR still intact, while Germany has united

 

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